Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary Heart Disease in Morristown, NJ
What is Coronary Heart Disease?
This disease occurs when a substance known as plaque starts to build up inside the arteries in the heart. Plaque consists of calcium, cholesterol, fat and other naturally occurring substances in the blood that hardens over time, constricting the size of the arteries. These arteries supply blood to the heart and other parts of the body, so when the arteries are narrowed due to plaque, this limits the amount of oxygen-enriched blood being sent to other organs in the body, resulting in heart disease.
The buildup of plaque can occur over many years and is also known as atherosclerosis.
For more immediate information on heart disease and related symptoms and treatment, please contact Cardiology Associates of Morristown at (973) 889-9001 today. Or, fill out our site's contact form to submit a message to us.
What are the Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease?
As the plaque continues to build up in the arteries you may start to notice some severe symptoms. Those with coronary heart disease may experience shortness of breath, chest pain (angina) or even a heart attack. A heart attack occurs when there is a complete blockage of the artery and is characterized by tightness in the chest, pain that radiates to the shoulder or arm, sweating, nausea and shortness of breath.
Who is at Risk for Coronary Heart Disease?
Those who are 65 years old and over are more at risk of developing coronary heart disease. Furthermore, men are more likely than women to have a heart attack; however, women are also prone to develop coronary heart disease. Those with high cholesterol, those who smoke, those who don’t follow a healthy diet and those who drink heavily are also at risk for coronary heart disease.
How is Coronary Heart Disease Diagnosed?
There is no one test that can determine whether you have coronary heart disease. When you come in for your appointment we will sit down and discuss the symptoms you are experiencing. If these symptoms are indicative of coronary heart disease than we may recommend any of these common diagnostic tests: stress tests, electrocardiogram (EKG), blood tests, X-rays or Echocardiography.
How is Coronary Heart Disease Treated?
The first step is to help the patient make lifestyle changes that will either prevent or treat the symptoms of coronary heart disease. Lifestyle changes include following a strict and heart-healthy diet, losing weight, quitting smoking and increasing physical activity.
If lifestyle changes aren’t enough, medicine may also be prescribed to treat your condition. These medicines will reduce your chance for blood clots, lower cholesterol and blood pressure and reduce the stress on your heart. The most common medications are blood thinners and beta-blockers.
Some patients may need to consider surgery to treat their coronary heart disease. An angioplasty unblocks the clogged artery to increase blood flow to the heart and other organs.
If you want to know more about coronary heart disease than contact our Morristown office at (973) 889-9001.