Treating hypertension can help you avoid several serious health problems, such as stroke, heart failure, and kidney disease. Our Morristown, NJ, cardiologists, Dr. Mark Blum, Dr. John Cosmi and Dr. Ira Freilich, discuss the condition and share information on treatment options.
How can I tell if I have hypertension?
Hypertension, also called high blood pressure, may not produce any symptoms initially. Unfortunately, damage to your blood vessels and arteries can occur even if you don't notice any changes in your health. If you don't receive treatment for your hypertension and your condition worsens, you may notice a few of these symptoms:
- Vision problems
- Pounding in your head, chest or ears
Because it's impossible to predict who will develop hypertension, regular blood pressure screenings are very important, particularly if other family members have the condition.
What can I do to lower my high blood pressure?
When you visit our Morristown office, we may recommend one or more lifestyle changes that can help lower your blood pressure, including losing weight, exercising regularly, reducing stress, eating a healthy, low-salt diet or quitting smoking. In addition to these positive changes, you may also benefit from medication to lower your blood pressure, such as one or more of these types of prescription drugs:
- Diuretics: Diuretics cause your body to release more water and salt in your urine, which lowers the amount of fluid in your blood vessels. When the fluid level is reduced, your blood pressure drops.
- ACE Inhibitors: These drugs widen and relax your blood vessels, lowering your blood pressure and reducing the strain on your heart.
- Calcium Channel Blockers: Calcium channel blockers not only dilate your blood vessels but also lower both your heart rate and blood pressure.
- Beta Blockers: Beta blockers block adrenaline, a hormone that speeds up your heart rate and increases your blood pressure.
- Alpha Blockers: Alpha blockers help relax the walls of your blood vessels.
- Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers: These medications prevent angiotensin, a natural body chemical that triggers the narrowing of the blood vessels, from affecting your vessels.
Keeping your blood pressure under control can help you avoid serious health complications. Call our Morristown, NJ, cardiologists, Dr. Blum, Dr. Cosmi, and Dr. Freilich, at (973) 889-9001 to schedule an appointment.